Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 12: 211-230 (1974)

原著論文Original Article

バーミンガム図書館協同機械化プロジェクト(BLCMP)Birmingham Libraries Co-operative Project (BLCMP)

1国立図書館短期大学助教授Assistant Professor, National Junior College of Library Science ◇ 〒154-0002 東京都世田谷区下馬四丁目1番1号 ◇ Shimouma 4-1-1, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 154-0002, Japan

2文部省学術調査官Science Officer, Bureau of Science and International Affairs, Ministry of Education

発行日:1974年10月31日Published: October 31, 1974

Birmingham Libraries Co-operative Mechanisation Project (BLCMP) involves three library systems, the Libraries of the Universities of Aston and Birmingham, and the Birmingham Public Libraries. The overall aim of BLCMP has been to design and develop a system which utilises centrally produced machine readable bibliographic records in the MARC format in local situation, and to assess the practicability of a regional data bank, which is accessible to a number of libraries, using these records together with records produced locally. The advantages of co-operation were taken to arise not only from the vastly increased service potential that can be provided but also the greater economy resulted from the pooling of resources. The participating libraries are representatives of the different types of libraries, and therefore the experence and expertise gained in this particular exercise in generating and utilising a very large data base of MARC formatted bibliographic records should be of considerable significance to future developments along the same lines. Co-operation also implies standardisation, and a great deal of effort has been committed by the three participating libraries to achieve this. The evaluation of MARC for cooperative use, the definition of cataloguing practices and filing rules, a common costing approach, the application of the MARC format to the serials date base, and the definition of a common processing system to generate and maintain a machine readable union catalogue, all have involved regular participation and effort from members of staff of the three libraries. BLCMP therefore has not only been an exercise in the application of MARC but also a major exercise in library co-operation. The first part of the aim has been achieved to date and the development and implementation of the monographs and serials cataloguing system which untilises centrally and locally produced bibliographic data in MARC format has been completed. A union catalogue data base of the holdings of the three participating libraries was established in January 1972 and the data base now provides the products and services to the member libraries cost effectively. The project is now concentrating on the second aspect of the original aim, which is the extension of the use of the union catalogue data base to other libraries in the West Midlands region.

The author had an opportunity to visit the three participating libraries and discuss about the project with BLCMP staff in December 1973. The present article attempts to describe the outlines of the project based on the talks she had with the project staff as well as documentary sources.

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