Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 12: 231-242 (1974)

原著論文Original Article

研究情報利用行動の概念A conceptual framework for information use behaviours in research processes

発行日:1974年10月31日Published: October 31, 1974

The relation between libraries and researchers is not so well understood in Japan. The causes being various, the problem cannot be solved by simply adopting some library techniques developed in foreign countries. First we must examine existing library characteristics in Japanese context, and then design for technical developments. For this purpose we have to understand the information users in research processes. It is because “user studies” are asked for.

In the United States there was “a bewildering variety” of user surveys, particularly in 1960s, and also in Japan we have had several of them. But they are ambiguous in the absence of consistent theoretical or conceptual frameworks and obtained data cannot be fitted to libraries.

Even in such a conceptual or terminological disorder a little advance of theorization is bringing about stabilization of the basic concepts “needs”, “demands” and “uses”. It can be said that “user studies” have so far been concerned with information gathering stages, and not with using stages. Moreover, there was not a general agreement as to the possibility of finding out “needs” experimentally.

The “needs” is defined here as information needed for scientific advances, and not always as those required personally by researchers. As for the method, the “needs” can be reconstructed by tracing back user behaviours related to an individual contribution. This is analogous to a reference case which begins with a dialogue and ends in an identification of “needs”.

The author emphasizes that the concept of “needs” should be introduced into the planning of libraries and defining works of librarians.

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