Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 17: 11-32 (1979)

原著論文Original Article

1980年代の目録をめぐるアメリカの動向大規模大学図書館の報告書を中心にDirections of library catalogs in the 1980's: Based on an analysis of large American university library reports

1東京大学大学院教育学研究科博士課程Ph.D. Course, Graduate School of Education, University of Tokyo ◇ 〒113-0033 東京都文京区本郷七丁目3番1号 ◇ Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

2東京女子大学短期大学部図書館Associate Librarian, Junior College Library, Tokyo Woman’s Christian University ◇ 〒167-858 東京都杉並区善福寺二丁目6-1 ◇ Zempukuji 2-6-1, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 167-8585, Japan

発行日:1980年3月25日Published: March 25, 1980

Library catalogs in the United States are undergoing a substantial change, called “the cataloging revolution.” The background of this change consists of three developments: 1) the increasing cost and difficulty of maintaining card catalogs; 2) the announcement of LC’s closing of the catalog and adopting AACR 2 in 1981; and 3) the rapid advancement of technology.

Research libraries, especially large academic libraries, have been interested in questions related to the closing of card catalogs and the development of automated alternatives; committees or working groups on “the future of the catolog” were appointed in some university libraries and reports were published.

Thus, first, this paper traces the brief history of the card catalog, describes the present situation in cataloging, and compares the advantages of alternative display formats (card, book, COM, on-line) using a file of machine-readable bibliographic records.

Then, based on reports, catalog system configurations (interim and long-term) are outlined, and the problems involved in the development of a collection data base are discussed in relation to a resource date base. Also, as short-range solution, seven possible options for 1981 are examined in terms of 11 factors.

Finally, the features and recommendations of six university library reports (California at Berkeley, Cornell, Princeton, Yale, Michigan, Stanford) are reviewed and several suggestions are made for computerization of cataloging in Japan.

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