Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 23: 1-16 (1985)

原著論文Original Article

専門領域における知識の伝播過程引用ネットワークに基づいてThe diffusion process of knowledge in the specialty based on citation networks

慶應義塾大学三田情報センターMita Library and Information Center, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

発行日:1986年3月25日Published: March 25, 1986

The purpose of this paper is to examine the diffusion process of knowledge in the specialty through diachronic citation networks.

In a previous study, the author identified the co-cited papers which were looked upon as the paradigm in library and information science by using the co-citation technique. In this study, the diffusion process of knowledge is discovered by diagraming citation linkages, which are networks formed by proceeding from those co-cited papers to those that cite them, then referring to those papers citing the citers, and so on. The data used are obtained from the Social Sciences Citation Index (1966–1980, 1983).

The results show that: (1) The citation networks are formed by quite a small group of papers in the specialty, and show a rather tight pattern of multiple relationships. Such papers are looked upon as active research fronts. (2) The citation frequency is not necessarily correlated with the impact of individual papers. Of the papers which are not cited very frequently, some papers are cited by the important papers. Such papers play an important role in the diffusion process of knowledge in the specialty.

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