Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 26: 103-114 (1988)

原著論文Original Article

概念の表現可能性に関するシソーラスの比較評価図書館・情報学文献の索引付与実験を通してA comparative evaluation of thesauri concerning “conceptual representability” through an indexing experiment of the documents on library and information science

発行日:1989年3月25日Published: March 25, 1989

A comparative evaluation of four thesauri concerning “conceptual representability” was conducted. These thesuari were ERIC Thesaurus, JICST Thesaurus and two originally constructed thesauri of library and information science. For this purpose, the following issues come under review first: the evolution of thesauri, the history of international guidelines for thesaurus establishment, the functions of thesauri, the new trend for various thesauri as switching languages or integrated vocaburalies, and methods for evaluation of thesauri. These lead us to regard thesauri as what represent the knowledge structures of the fields. For evaluating thesauri in this meaning, “conceptual representability”, which indicates how appropriately the thesaurus can represent the concepts in documents or in queries, is one of the important propeties of thesauri. It has two aspects, “comprehensivity” and “specificity”.

We have conducted an experiment in this aspect as follows: The sample documents were extracted randomly from the fields of library and information science. The sample documents were indexed according to the four thesauri mentioned above. The list of indexing terms were compared and “conceptual representability”, “comprehensivity” and “specificity” were computed. Through classifying the concepts appeared in the document we have got several subject categories. It was clarified that these three indeces, “conceptual representability”, “comprehensivity” and “specificity”, revealed the advantages and disadvantages of each thesauri, and that the number of terms involved in the thesauri is proportional to the “conceptual representability”. This indicates that definite number of terms, discussing here, is necessary for vocaburalies in order to represent the concepts appeared in a field.

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