Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 34: 1-16 (1995)

原著論文Original Article

B. Dervinによる「意味付与アプローチ」の意義とその応用The significance of Brenda Dervin's 'sense-making' approach and its application to user study

慶鷹義塾大学大学院文学研究科図書館・情報学専攻修士課程School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:1997年2月8日Received: February 8, 1997
発行日:1997年3月31日Published: March 31, 1997

In the area of information needs and user studies, the sense-making approach proposed by Brenda Dervin is one of the influential theories which adopt user-centered viewpoints.

‘Sense-making’ theory is a set of conceptual and theoretical premises and related methodologies for assessing how people make sense of their worlds and how they use information resources in the information seeking process. While examining the ‘sense-making’ approach, we tend to put emphasis just on three major elements, i.e., ‘situation’, ‘gap’ and ‘use’. The significance of this approach would rather be the frame of reference in which one understands the other person’s information needs.

In this paper, three studies by R. M. Harris, N. M. Betts, and T. L. Jacobson, which adopt the sense-making approach as theoretical foundations, are examined in terms of how each researcher him/herself recognizes the significance of this approach. As a result, it is revealed that they tried to connect each of three elements with human information needs and to give explanations to human information seeking behavior.

The goal of the sense-making approach is partly to understand human information seeking behavior from the holistic viewpoint, and partly to use the ‘situation-gap-use’ model as a framework. This finding implies the future possibility of such a holistic approach in information use study as Devin’s.

This page was created on 2021-01-22T17:50:11.14+09:00
This page was last modified on