Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 42: 1-21 (1999)

原著論文Original Article

コルデコット賞の変遷とその背景アメリカの児童図書館員による賞A history of Caldecott Award and the facts behind it: An award by the children's librarians in the United States

東京都大田区役所Ota City Office ◇ 〒144-8621 東京都大田区蒲田五丁目13番14号 ◇ Kamata 5-13-26, Ota-ku, Tokyo 144-8621, Japan

受付日:2000年8月17日Received: August 17, 2000
受理日:2001年1月11日Accepted: January 11, 2001
発行日:2001年3月31日Published: March 31, 2001

The Caldecott award was established in 1938 as the first award for children’s picture books in the United States. Each year the Caldecott Medal is awarded by the Association for Library Services for Children (in 1938, it was the Section for Library Work with Children), the children’s service division of the American Library Association, to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book published in the previous year. For more than sixty years since it was established, it has had a great influence on illustrators, publishers, librarians and those who are concerned with children’s books not only in the United States but also all over the world.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the significance and the cause of success of this award by studying its history and many facts behind it. It was found that the fact “the award by the children’s librarians in the United States” has supported strongly its position and authority for many years. As selecting and diffusing good children’s books have been recognized as the children’s librarians’ mission, for them the Caldecott award is the proof of their professional work. Also the economic and social situation of the United States at each period cannot be overlooked. In the United States, to trace the award means to trace the movement and change of libraries and the society.

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