Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 48: 1-24 (2002)

原著論文Original Article

各ステークホルダーがもつ公共図書館像競合可能性の定性的把握Stakeholders' points of view on the public library service: Qualitative research on the possibility of competition with market

国立国会図書館National Diet Library ◇ 〒100-8924 東京都千代田区永田町一丁目10番1号 ◇ Nagatacho 1-10-1, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8924, Japan

受付日:2002年6月18日Received: June 18, 2002
受理日:2004年2月24日Accepted: February 24, 2004
発行日:2004年4月20日Published: April 20, 2004

It is desirable to have a mutual understanding between the book market and public libraries. However, in reality, the book market criticises public libraries for diminishing their sales by lending too many bestselling books. What lies behind this claim is the fact that consideration of various stakeholders has been ignored by the public libraries and one solution to this is for them offer different services from that of the market.

A qualitative examination was conducted of how each stakeholder recognises the public library and why differences in recognition occurred, in order to reveal the relationship between stakeholders’ and the public libraries. Interviews were conducted of authors, publishers, distributors, retail bookstores and second-hand booksellers. The results clearly demonstrated that stakeholders have suspicions about the “public responsibility” of libraries. Moreover, these suspicions increase when it comes to the upstream of the book market i.e. authors, publishers and distributors, and this group asserts copyright issues. There are gaps between upstream and downstream, originating in power differentials in controlling interests.

In conclusion, it is suggested that the identity of the public library will be fully established only by offering a service based upon “public responsibility” and not on the market mechanism.

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