Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 58: 33-48 (2007)

原著論文Original Article

FRBRからみた日本の図書館目録における著作の傾向慶應義塾大学OPACを例としてCharacteristics of works in a Japanese library catalog from the view point of FRBR: A case study of Keio University Library OPAC Case Study

慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2007年3月22日Received: March 22, 2007
受理日:2007年6月21日Accepted: June 21, 2007
発行日:2007年12月31日Published: December 31, 2007


【方法】日本の大学図書館OPACの実例として慶應義塾大学OPAC(KOSMOS II)を選び,当該OPACの書誌レコードを対象にFRBRの著作・表現形・体現形を適用する調査を行った。書誌レコードを体現形と仮定し,KOSMOS IIから日本十進分類法(NDC)の類ごとに100件ずつ抽出したレコードを核として,KOSMOS IIの書誌レコードを著作および表現形の単位でグループ化した。こうして特定した1,000件の著作について,著作とそこに含まれる関連の傾向を調べた。


Purpose: The Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) can be used to improve the performance of online public access catalogs (OPACs). The purpose of this paper is to reveal several characteristics of the “Works” in a Japanese academic library catalog and, based on these characteristics, determine how FRBR can enhance Japanese catalogs.

Methods: KOSMOS II, the OPAC at Keio University Library, was selected as an example of a Japanese academic library catalog, and the sample records extracted from KOSMOS II were applied to FRBR Entities: Work, Expression, and Manifestation. One thousand Works were analyzed to determine the characteristics of the Works and the Relationships these Works have with each other.

Results: As a result, it was determined that 81.6% of the sample records were Works which have only one Manifestation. This trend was the same as that identified in the OCLC study on Worldcat records. Four relationships were identified in this experiment; Revision, Translation, Multiple version, and Reproduction. In addition, the distinctive features of the Works, named as Work Patterns, were found in the fields of natural sciences, the arts, and literature. These results mean that FRBR could make Japanese library catalogs more effective.

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