Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 58: 69-90 (2007)

原著論文Original Article

眼球運動から見た子どもの絵本の読み方Children’s eye movement while reading picture books

1慶應義塾大学文学部(非常勤講師)Faculty of Letters, Keio University (part-time) ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

2慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

3駿河台大学文化情報学部Faculty of Cultural Information Resources, Surugadai University ◇ 〒357-8555 埼玉県飯能市阿須698番地 ◇ Azu 698, Hanno-shi, Saitama 357-8555, Japan

4慶應義塾大学文学部Faculty of Letters, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2005年11月10日Received: November 10, 2005
受理日:2007年8月18日Accepted: August 18, 2007
発行日:2007年12月31日Published: December 31, 2007



【結果】既往研究に基づいて,1)絵と文字が混在している場合, 絵よりも文字により長く停留する,2)絵本は左から右に向かって読まれることが想定されているため,視線も左から右へと動く,3)視線パターンは個人の属性やページの構成に影響される,という三つの仮説のもとに測定結果を分析した。絵と文字への停留時間は個人差が大きいものの,全体としてみれば,ほぼ同じだった。左から右へという視線移動を共通して見いだすことはできなかった。絵と文字のブロック間の視線移動は,「循環型」と「往復型」に分けることができた。視線パターンに,個人の属性との関係は見いだせなかった。また,ページの構成が単純な場合には共通した傾向もあったが,どのページにも,どの被験者の間にも共通するパターンはなかった。

Purpose: To investigate eye movement patterns in children who are reading picture books composed of both images and text.

Methods: Subjects were 14 elementary school children from 9 to 11 years of age. They were asked to read a picture-book containing both images and text with an eye camera and then answer three sets of questions to check their reading experience, comprehension, recall of the text, and the contents of what they read.

Results: The following hypotheses, which have their bases in previous findings, were investigated: 1) the duration of fixation is expected to be longer for images than text when a page contains both images and text; 2) eyes are expected to move from left to right as picture books are supposed to be read from left to right; and 3) scan patterns are expected to depend on the attributes of the children and the page layout. Although the duration of fixation on images and text varied amongst the children, the overall duration of fixation in pictures and on pictures was almost the same. Left to right eye movement was not found as a general trend among the subjects; rather the movement of the eye between the text areas and the image areas could be divided into two types (a “circulation model” and a “repeat model”). Finally, there was no significant relation found between scan patterns and any specific attributes of the children. There was no common pattern of reading that could be seen with all children and/or all pages, although we could see common trends for pages that had a simple layout.

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