Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 60: 29-60 (2008)

原著論文Original Article

小河内芳子児童サービスのパイオニアYoshiko Kogouchi: The pioneer of library services to children

慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2008年3月26日Received: March 26, 2008
受理日:2008年10月6日Accepted: October 6, 2008
発行日:2008年12月31日Published: December 31, 2008




Purpose: The purpose of this study is to illustrate and define Yoshiko Kogouchi’s career and activities, as well as to research and analyze the changes that occurred in library services to children and the activities of children’s librarians during her time.

Methods: For the purpose of this research, Kogouchi’s career was divided into four periods. Various related documents from each period were closely examined and evaluated. In addition, interviews were conducted with people who were acquainted with her activities.

Results: Kogouchi’s career showed that she had a fortunate career as a children’s librarian. Her activities were conducted based on this position which then influenced the movement of library services to children. Her most distinguished contributions were: (1) the approach to conducting systematic activities and creating a network system, and (2) the approach to establishing children’s librarianship as a field and developing specialists in that field. In the 1970s, Kogouchi’s emphasis on quality was criticized during a time when quantitative expansion of public libraries was the mainstream. Research showed that this was the result of a difference in opinion on how to provide library services to children.

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