Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 67: 1-38 (2012)

原著論文Original Article

伊東平蔵とその実践的図書館思想Heizo Ito and his practical thoughts about libraries

慶應義塾大学非常勤講師Keio University (part-time lecturer) ◇ 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2011年12月31日Received: December 31, 2011
受理日:2012年3月18日Accepted: March 18, 2012
発行日:2012年6月30日Published: June 30, 2012




Purpose: Heizo Ito (1857‒1929) is known in the library community of Japan for his involvement in the establishment of several libraries in the late Meiji and early Showa period while serving as a professor at the Tokyo Foreign Language School. However, there have been very few previous studies on him. The present study examines his personality and also his thoughts about libraries that evolved through hands-on work.

Methods: Published documents and materials used in previous studies were carefully re-examined. In addition, the author surveyed Ito’s materials (copies of letters, personal diaries, etc.) held by Yokohama City Central Library and a variety of records stored in the Tokyo Metropolitan Archives. Ito’s thoughts about libraries were clarified by analyzing papers published by Ito and other documents.

Results: Ito’s life can be divided into seven periods. In the period of constructing a city library in Tokyo, he was associated with its establishment and the management of popular libraries for citizens. Ito made plans for constructing various types of libraries such as private libraries, municipal libraries, and prefectural libraries. While managing these libraries after their construction, he decided it was necessary to strengthen their foundation through systematic training of library staff. During such hands-on activities, his concern gradually changed from setting up many small libraries to building medium- or large-scale libraries according to the size of area served, while maintaining their popularity. He also realized the importance of clarifying the different roles between municipal libraries, prefectural libraries, and city libraries.

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