Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 69: 83-102 (2013)

短報Brief Communication

地方公共団体における市民協働の政策立案と公立図書館The contributions of public library activities to policy-making by civic collaboration in local government

横浜市泉図書館Yokohama City Izumi Library ◇ 〒245-0016 神奈川県横浜市泉区和泉町6217番5号 ◇ Izumicho 6217-5, Yokohama Izumi-ku, Kanagawa 245-0016, Japan

受付日:2012年3月29日Received: March 29, 2012
受理日:2013年1月4日Accepted: January 4, 2013
発行日:2013年6月30日Published: June 30, 2013



【結果】分析の結果,市民協働の政策立案の学習過程における7 つの論点を明らかにした。さらにそれらの論点を知識・情報状態に関わる学習と精神状態に関わる学習に分け,それに対する図書館の支援を明らかにした。具体的には,政策立案の準備段階においては,図書館は職員に対する調査研究への情報提供や市民協働事業への経験不足を補うための機会の提供を行う。さらに政策の立案段階の前半では,市民協働の会議体の構成員に対して,政策に関する予備知識を補う基本情報の提供や構成員の関心や議論に合わせた調査・相談などを行う。そして,政策の立案段階の後半では,多くの市民が政策に関心を持ってもらうため,市民協働の会議体構成員と市民が政策に関して議論する機会を提供する。

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clarify the learning process in policy-making by civic collaboration and to explore the possibility of public libraries contributing to policy-making by civic collaboration.

Methods: People in two local governments who had participated in policy-making projects were interviewed. Based on data obtained by the interviews and related documents, the learning process in policy-making was analyzed.

Results: This research clarified seven points of learning behavior in the learning process in policymaking by civic collaboration. These points are broadly categorized into two subsets: learning behavior related to personal knowledge acquisition, and learning behavior related to human mental state. Based on these findings, this study suggests that library activities could contribute to policymaking. Specifically, in the preliminary phase of policy-making, public libraries would be able to provide local government officers with basic information for their research on local issues and with opportunities for meeting and talking with stakeholders on such issues. Furthermore, at an early stage of the policy-making process, public libraries would be able to provide civic collaborative members with essential information needed after acquiring preliminary knowledge. At a later stage, public libraries would be able to offer many opportunities for creative discussion between those officers and civic collaborative members.

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