Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 70: 89-118 (2013)

原著論文Original Article

利用者の音楽情報要求に基づくメタデータ要素の差別化FRBR,FRAD,Variationsを対象にDifferentiation of metadata elements based on users’ music information needs: Focusing on FRBR, FRAD and Variations

昭和音楽大学短期大学部Showa College of Music ◇ 〒215-8558 神奈川県川崎市麻生区上麻生一丁目11番1号 ◇ Kamiasao 1-11-1, Kawasaki Asao-ku, Kanagawa 215-8558, Japan

受付日:2012年10月21日Received: October 21, 2012
受理日:2013年10月9日Accepted: October 9, 2013
発行日:2013年12月20日Published: December 20, 2013


【方法】複数の図書館のレファレンス記録から音楽に関する実際の情報要求(個別の質問回答のデータ)を抽出し,既存のメタデータ要素集合(FRBR, FRAD, “Variations”)の各要素がそれらの要求に関連する度合いを,レファレンス記録の内容分析を通じて計測した。調査には,5種のレファレンス記録に含まれる合計474件の個別データを,先行研究の調査結果とともに使用した。


Purpose: Metadata schemas for organizing music materials usually include many elements in order to allow information professionals to identify each item accurately for their work. However, end users may not require all elements when a system of searching the metadata becomes available to them. This paper aims to determine empirically a smaller set of elements by which information requests (potential search requests) from end users can be satisfied. The set may be considered as a base of user-oriented metadata schema for music materials.

Methods: Actual information requests on music were extracted from transaction records of reference services at several libraries, and the degree to which each element included in FRBR, FRAD and “Variations” was related to the request was measured through content analysis of transaction records. In addition to the findings of the preceding study, 474 requests from 5 records in total were examined.

Results: The element “Title of the Work, Title of the Expression” (compound element) was related to 66.5% of all search requests, which indicated that this element was the most dominant in terms of actual usage, and four other elements also appeared in over 25% of records. These five elements are considered to be“ core” elements. In addition to these, another five elements appeared in 10–25% of records and 31 elements in 1–10%. It is concluded that these elements form a useroriented metadata schema for music materials.

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