Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 72: 1-35 (2014)

原著論文Original Article

朝河貫一によるイェール大学図書館および米国議会図書館のための日本資料の収集Collection of Japanese materials for Yale University Library and the Library of Congress by Kan’ichi Asakawa

清泉女子大学附属図書館Seisen University Library ◇ 〒141-8642 東京都品川区東五反田三丁目16番21号 ◇ Higashi-Gotanda 3-16-21, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 141-8642, Japan

受付日:2014年3月30日Received: March 30, 2014
受理日:2014年9月1日Accepted: September 1, 2014
発行日:2014年12月30日Published: December 30, 2014




Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the process used by Kan’ichi Asakawa (1873–1948) to collect Japanese materials for Yale University Library (YUL) and the Library of Congress (LC), as well as the characteristics and significance of these collections.

Method: First, various documents about Asakawa, including existing studies, letters, and the librarian’s annual reports of both libraries, were analyzed. Second, the author examined the actual collections of both libraries, and investigated the style of binding and the written works transcribed under Asakawa’s specific supervision. Third, recently published bibliographies of the Japanese collection catalogs of both libraries were analyzed and the characteristics of each collection were compared.

Results: All of the Japanese materials in the USA had been previously donated, but Asakawa’s active approach resulted in the first properly organized Japanese collection. A survey of the actual materials indicates, especially from the style of binding, that Asakawa carefully considered the nature and usefulness of each item. At YUL, titles classified under history, legislative system, and law account for 60% of the total, and mostly comprised original documentation on the institutional development of Japan. In the LC, Buddhism accounts for 50% of all titles, reflecting the value Asakawa placed on these materials as being indispensable for understanding the history of Japan. The materials that are found in both YUL and the LC are the original texts of primary resources that must have been considered to contribute to Japanese studies in the USA. The results of the study show that the YUL and LC collections together provide the original texts of primary source materials, which reflect not only Asakawa’s collection principles, but also his aspirations for both libraries to build historically valuable collections.

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