Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 79: 21-57 (2018)

原著論文Original Article

日本における研究データ公開の状況と推進要因,阻害要因の分析An analysis of open research data practice, drivers, and barriers in Japan

1筑波大学大学院図書館情報メディア研究科図書館情報メディア専攻Course of Library, Information and Media Studies, Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba ◇ 〒305-8550 茨城県つくば市春日一丁目2番地 ◇ Kasuga 1-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8550, Japan

2文部科学省科学技術・学術政策研究所National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan ◇ 〒100-0013 東京都千代田区霞が関三丁目2番2号 中央合同庁舎7号館 ◇ Central Government Building No. 7, Kasumigaseki 3-2-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan

受付日:2017年4月21日Received: April 21, 2017
受理日:2017年12月11日Accepted: December 11, 2017
発行日:2018年6月30日Published: June 30, 2018





Purpose: This study contributes to the development of open science policies and appropriate support frameworks by clarifying the status and perceptions of open research data, and analyzing drivers and barriers among researchers in Japan.

Methods: From November to December 2016, 1,983 researchers from the Science and Technology Experts Network operated by the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy took part in a survey. The responses were analyzed for participants’ age and disciplines and compared with open access status and previous research results. The reasons for and experience with open data were investigated; the characteristics of researchers who have open data experience were clarified using binomial regression analysis. Reasons for non-disclosure of data and degree of barriers to disclosure were investigated. The characteristics of fields with high and low open data rates compared with the strength of journal open data policies were also clarified.

Results: Responses were received from 1,398 researchers (70.5%) who belonged to universities, companies, and public institutions/organizations. Of the respondents, 51.0% had experience publishing data; the main reason for disclosure was the improvement of cognition of research results and journal policies. The reasons for non-disclosure varied, including the lack of a journal policy, and only 28.4% respondents would publicize their data if the issues were resolved. Of the researchers, 75.8% had obtained published data and 97.1% exhibited a willingness to use published data. Respondents recognize that there is a lack of human resources, funds, time, and data repositories, which are required resources for data publishing. There were strong concerns, particularly among younger researchers belonging to universities, regarding career risks, such as using data without citation or priority loss. There were also strong concerns regarding confidentiality, commercial use, and misuse.

The resulting analysis suggests that important issues for promoting data publishing include improving the availability of open research data and providing support staff to set aside time for researchers. To solve career risk concerns and the lack of incentives, it is important to make the publishing of data a recognized research achievement.

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