Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 81: 1-22 (2019)

原著論文Original Article

日本における中央図書館制度の制度的構造と実施Structure and implementation of the central library system in Japan

慶應義塾大学文学部人文社会学科Department of Humanities and Social Science, Faculty of Letters, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2018年8月1日Received: August 1, 2018
受理日:2018年11月13日Accepted: November 13, 2018
発行日:2019年7月30日Published: July 30, 2019




Purpose: In 1933, the Central Library System (CLS) was established by amendment of the Library Ordinance and it had been valid until 1950. After World War II, CLS was criticized mainly as it served as an introduction to Proper Guidance of Thought. However, the details of CLS have not been fully clarified. In this research, I examine (1) the regulations concerning the CLS and its implementation system, (2) the level of implementation of the programs by CLS, and (3) the relationship between CLS and censorship of ideas and Proper Guidance of Thought.

Methods: A literature survey was adopted for the research, and the main documents used were surveys conducted by the Ministry of Education and the Central Library General Association, the bulletin of central libraries, and the history of prefectural libraries.

Results: This research demonstrates that (1a) the management power of public libraries was delegated from the central government, (1b) the enforcement of law and regulations were weak and inadequate, (1c) an administrative system that detours the local minister was established, and (1d) financial aid was insufficient; (2) Many central libraries had already implemented many of the programs that were later introduced under the CLS. Thus, the impact of the establishment of the CLS was limited; and (3) the CLS was involved with censorship to a certain degree while its involvement was indirect and passive. CLS was also involved in the Proper Guidance of Thought.

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