Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 62: 81-110 (2009)

原著論文Original Article

日本の公立図書館の発展期と児童サービス1963年から1970年を中心にThe developing period of public libraries in Japan and services to children: 1963–1970

慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Keio University ◇ 〒108-8345 東京都港区三田二丁目15番45号 ◇ Mita 2-15-45, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan

受付日:2009年3月31日Received: March 31, 2009
受理日:2009年8月26日Accepted: August 26, 2009
発行日:2009年12月25日Published: December 25, 2009




Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how library services to children in Japan were perceived by people and functioned in the local community from the mid-1960s to 1970s, and to illustrate how this was related to the enhancement of public library services during the same period in Japan.

Methods: The study examined in detail three fundamental reports that greatly contributed to the enhancement of Japanese public library services in the 1960s and 1970s: (1) Chushotoshi ni okeru kokyo toshokan no un-ei (1963), (2) Shimin no toshokan (1970), and (3) Toshokan seisaku no kadai to taisaku (1970), and analyzed several descriptions of library services to children in the reports. Similarly, various documents on the initial activities conducted by Hino City Library (1965–) were collected and investigated. In addition, interviews were conducted with people who had played an important role in library services to children at that time.

Results: Many library activities during the 1960s and 1970s focused on increasing the circulation of library materials. As the number of loans of children’s books increased, services to children gradually became recognized as an important library function and were considered to be a key means of extending library services. This paper shows that prompt activities by libraries to positively provide children’s services successfully matched the needs of local communities and general social trends of that period, and led to the growth and deployment of public library services in Japan.

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