Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 83: 25-45 (2020)

原著論文Original Article

学生生活タイプごとに見る大学図書館利用パターンRelationships between Students’ University Library Usage Patterns and Their Lifestyle Types

明星大学Meisei University ◇ 〒191–8506 東京都日野市程久保2–1–1 ◇ 2–1–1 Hodokubo, Hino, Tokyo 191–8506 Japan

受付日:2019年4月5日Received: April 5, 2019
受理日:2019年12月5日Accepted: December 5, 2019
発行日:2020年6月25日Published: June 25, 2020



結果】学生生活のなかで費やしている活動時間から学生生活を類型化し,5つの学生生活タイプを見いだした。学生生活において学習や読書を重視するタイプ1, 交友を重視するタイプ2, 電子メディアツールを多用するタイプ3, 活動的な側面が見いだせないタイプ4, いずれの活動も平均に近いタイプ5, 以上の5つである。合わせて大学図書館の利用パターンを類型化したところ,2つの利用パターンが明らかになった。図書館資料の利用を主とする従来からある利用方法,ならびに友人との交流や休息場所としての大学図書館の利用である。それぞれの学生生活タイプの大学図書館利用パターンを分析したところ,学生生活の送り方に呼応するように,それぞれのタイプが異なる大学図書館の利用パターンを有していることが明らかになった。また,図書館の利用頻度が同程度であっても獲得した学習成果は異なることが明らかになった。

Purpose: As part of wider reforms in university education, university libraries are now expected to have greater involvement in the education of students. This study examines the relationship between university library usage patterns and the ways students live their daily lives; exploring links between student lifestyles, university library usage, and learning outcomes.

Method: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted via the Internet. The survey subjects were undergraduate students (excluding correspondence students, foreign students, and students attending university after experience in the workplace, etc.) who were attending university in an urban area (Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba, Aichi, Osaka, Kyoto, and Hyogo prefectures). Macromill, Inc. was commissioned to distribute and collect the questionnaire form using monitors registered with the company. The target sample was 400 students. The questionnaire forms were distributed on July 19, 2016, and target numbers had been achieved by the next day, July 20. There were 412 valid responses.

Results: Student lifestyles were classified according to how much time they spent performing various activities. Five student lifestyle types and two university library usage patterns were identified. Analysis of the relationship between student lifestyle types and library usage patterns indicated that each lifestyle type was related to a particular pattern of library usage, thus confirming our hypothesis. It was further found that students’ learning outcomes differed, even when their frequency of library usage remained the same.

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