Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science ISSN: 2435-8495
三田図書館・情報学会 Mita Society for Library and Information Science
〒108‒8345 東京都港区三田2‒15‒45 慶應義塾大学文学部図書館・情報学専攻内 c/o Keio University, 2-15-45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8345, Japan
Library and Information Science 86: 1-18 (2021)

原著論文Original Article

所有とアクセスからみた情報メディアの利用Information Media Use: Ownership and Access

1慶應義塾大学大学院Graduate School of Letters, Keio University ◇ 〒108–8345 東京都港区三田2–15–45 ◇ 2–15–45 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108–8345, Japan

2慶應義塾大学Keio University

3九州大学Kyushu University

受付日:2021年4月23日Received: April 23, 2021
受理日:2021年10月2日Accepted: October 2, 2021
発行日:2021年12月30日Published: December 30, 2021




Purpose: Information behavior has changed in recent years following the increase in economic activities based on access. Five types of information media use were categorized based on a previous study of ownership: ownership, quasi-ownership, and access types 1, 2, and 3. To clarify the current trends in media use, we conducted a survey of the current uses of four types of media: novels, nonfiction books, comics, and music. The respondents were categorized based on their information media use.

Methods: An online panel survey was conducted in Japan with 1,030 participants who were counterbalanced by gender and age. The questions consist of 30 items related to media use, 5 related to physical media orientation, 3 related to frequency of media use, 2 related to possession and use of computer devices, and 10 related to personality.

Results: Of the 30 questions on media use, more than half of the respondents answered “never/don’t know/no idea” to 27 questions. However, 41.9% of the respondents answered that they “very often/often” listen to music on free online video-sharing platforms such as YouTube. Seven clusters were identified based on hierarchical clustering from the answers for media use. The five clusters that indicated less use of information media were: “only YouTube,” “nonuser,” “library user,” “music subscription user,” and “ownership.” The two respondent clusters that used information media frequently were: “active user of all media” and “active user (mainly access type 3).” The characteristics of the clusters were discussed.

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